20th Century

The History of the Submarine

U.S.S. Nautilus

Submarines are one of the more recent military advancements, coming to prominence during the first World War and maintaining a presence in the majority of developed naval fleets ever since. In essence, a submarine, as the name may suggest is a watercraft that allows the crew to submerge and sail under the water. During the era before radar detection, they ...

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The History of the Football World Cup

Football World Cup

Football (or soccer to those of you reading this who are not from Europe) can date its origins back to 1863 England when a split occurred between association Football and rugby football and the Football Association was formed. It didn’t take took long before the idea of an international game came about and the first of these was held between ...

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22 January 1901 – The Queen is Dead

The Queen is Dead

Queen Victoria spent the Christmas period in 1900 at one of her favourite retreats, Osborne House, on the Isle of Wight as had been her custom since the death of her beloved Albert. She must have known that her long life and her record-breaking reign were coming to an end as she told her doctor that she would like to ...

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9 August 1974 – Richard Nixon Resigns

Richard Nixon says farewell to his staff. 9 August 1974.

The Republican leader, Richard Nixon, becomes the most high-profile casualty of the Watergate scandal – and the only president to step down from office. Richard Nixon did not sleep well. It was after all, his last night as President of the United States of America, but it wasn’t uncommon for Nixon to sit up until the small hours working. This ...

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History of the Nobel Prize

The History of the Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize is a yearly award which is made available in a number of fields, including literature, peace and physics. It was devised by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel as a means to formally recognise the men and women who have made a significant contribution to cultural or scientific advancement. It is believed that Nobel was inspired to create ...

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The First Human Heart Transplant

In today’s world organ transplants are surprisingly commonplace. While still a risky procedure whenever they are undertaken, advances in medical science have allowed surgeons to provide the best possible chance for survival to patients suffering from an array of organ defects. Perhaps with no organ is this more important than with the heart. For many years researchers examined ways in ...

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Invention of the World Wide Web

Originally conceived as a way for the United States armed forces to communicate with each other effectively, the precursor to the modern internet, ARPAnet, was a way for the military to quickly and effectively share critical information, regardless of where they were located.  Amazingly, this network, which belonged to the Advanced Research Projects Agency, hence its name was the forerunner ...

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Black Tuesday

Black Tuesday - The 1929 Stock Market Crash

The end of the Great War, now known as World War I, was the prelude to a decade of wealth and fun that came to be known as the Roaring 20s.  Even just five days before the stock market crash, Yale economist Irving Fisher commented that “The nation is marching along a permanently high plateau of prosperity.”  Little did he know ...

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Birth of the People’s Republic of China

The People's Republic of China

The creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949 was the culmination of a political battle that had gone on since the Revolution of 1911.  It ended with the creation of the Republic of China on the island of Taiwan and a complicated geopolitical landscape filled with tensions and uneasy alliances. Officially, the People’s Republic of China came into ...

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